Project rationale


 

It is well known that in the WB partner countries the efficiency of energy use is approximately three times less than in EU countries (the average energy consumption in residential buildings is over 150 kWh/m2 per year, while in EU countries it is about 50 kWh/m2 per year). In WB countries almost 20% of GDP was spent on energy, compared to about 5% of GDP in EU countries. One way that citizens and government can offset rising energy costs is by taking energy efficiency measures and increases public awareness about the benefits of energy efficiency and targeting all the key energy sector stakeholders on the benefits of using energy efficient technologies and methodologies. The need for a proposed study programme become evident during many contacts among teaching staff in WB universities involved in this application. These needs are also expressed by non-academic partners. During the reorganisation of WB universities according to Bologna suggestion many contacts with EU universities have been established. These contacts made clear that proposed study programmes are missing in WB countries. The First Action Plan for Energy Efficiency in RS, adopted by the Serbian Government on July, 2010, was designed on the basis of the Directive 2006/32/EC of the European Parliament and Council on energy end-use efficiency. The governments of WB countries adopted similar activities. It was recognized that the utilization of renewable energy sources is sporadic in spite of its great potentials. In almost all WB countries dominates the production of electric energy by thermo power plants producing great environmental problems. On the other hands there are the large wastes energy in the buildings designed and produced by old technologies. The implementation of modern technology in design and production of new buildings is modest. There is not enough skilled HE labour force for satisfying the immediate and particularly future needs. The proposed two years (120 ECTS) Master study program  ENERESE has to satisfy the real needs for HE specialists in the field of RUE. It requires the application of an integrated multidisciplinary design approach. This means that specialists like mechanical, civil, electrical and HVAC engineers and architects should work together in interdisciplinary teams from the first start in the design of building process. For the time being a traditional fragmented design process is followed, and engineers needed in this process are involved in a too late stage of the process. This leads in most cases to inefficient solutions and higher costs. The integrated design approach also enhances the environmental performance of the building. It leads to fewer construction problems and reduces lift cycle costs. The master courses will start in the second year of the project (synchronized with the start of academic years). The training and educational packages will have a common approach in terms of mandatory subjects and the number of elective subjects in order to get comparable study loads, the integrated design philosophies and strategies and educational methods. For the completion of the courses the common national accreditation have to be defined.

The ENERESE project intends to educate, train and deliver such specialists within a interdisciplinary and independent problem-solving framework. This project will fulfil this need by developing curricula and the training programmes for integral sustainable energy design. Project aims is to train qualified master engineers in relatively new and broad interdisciplinary field of RUE in WB partner countries. The following target groups are discriminated by this project:

a) The primary target group is the building sector (Real estate developers and contractors). Their specific benefit of this project is that the educational institutions will deliver highly skilled, trained and educated specialists, capable of thinking in an integrated, interdisciplinary way and operating in multidisciplinary teams.

b) The non-educational institutions, not only those included in the project from WB partner countries. These institutions and corresponding Ministries could improve qualification structure and better act as liaison between the building sector and scientific and education institutions as well as liaison between educational institutions and stakeholders from the building sector.

c) The educational institutions in WB countries, not included in this project will be reached and mobilized, by the dissemination actions.

d) For students working in different disciplines, the situation will be improved in different ways. For architecture students the project will focus on environmental issue and resource use in buildings and the environment. Civil engineering students who work with the construction processes and designing building structure, the project will focus on improving their knowledge of the energy and environmental performance of buildings. For mechanical and electrical engineering students, the project will add the knowledge of the embodied energy and the environmental impact of the hybrid systems and building material.

The general objective of this project is better interaction between universities and enterprises for timely preparation of master graduates for labour market. This project will contribute to enhance communication channels between Universities and enterprises through which transfer of know-how from universities to enterprises in the RUE fields will be achieved. Skills shortages in this sector are already being identified by the great interest shown for the recently realized one year LLL master course "EE in buildings" at SUNP (with 32 BSc engineers of different specialities) and the expected growth will only exacerbate the situation. Within the expanding renewable energy labour market, an urgent demand is expected for more post-graduate trained staff, specialized in energy efficiency, renewable energy technology and their environmental impacts.

b) The non-educational institutions, not only those included in the project from WB partner countries. These institutions and corresponding Ministries could improve qualification structure and better act as liaison between the building sector and scientific and education institutions as well as liaison between educational institutions and stakeholders from the building sector.

c) The educational institutions in WB countries, not included in this project will be reached and mobilized, by the dissemination actions.

d) For students working in different disciplines, the situation will be improved in different ways. For architecture students the project will focus on environmental issue and resource use in buildings and the environment. Civil engineering students who work with the construction processes and designing building structure, the project will focus on improving their knowledge of the energy and environmental performance of buildings. For mechanical and electrical engineering students, the project will add the knowledge of the embodied energy and the environmental impact of the hybrid systems and building material.

The general objective of this project is better interaction between universities and enterprises for timely preparation of master graduates for labour market. This project will contribute to enhance communication channels between Universities and enterprises through which transfer of know-how from universities to enterprises in the RUE fields will be achieved. Skills shortages in this sector are already being identified by the great interest shown for the recently realized one year LLL master course "EE in buildings" at SUNP (with 32 BSc engineers of different specialities) and the expected growth will only exacerbate the situation. Within the expanding renewable energy labour market, an urgent demand is expected for more post-graduate trained staff, specialized in energy efficiency, renewable energy technology and their environmental impacts.